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Home » Prescription and Medication » Keytruda vs Opdivo, Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Costs, Guide
There are many different medications that are used in treating cancer, and patients should know the differences among similar medications. For example, patients may often ask about the comparisons between Keytruda vs Opdivo.
So in this article, we’re going to compare Keytruda vs Opdivo. First, here is a quick answer before we get into the specifics.
Keytruda vs Opdivo: Both are medications from the category of PD-1 inhibitors used to treat different types of cancer. They work by blocking PD-1 receptors and allowing T-cells to detect and fight cancer cells. They exhibit similar interactions and side effects with equal efficacies, but Keytruda is more expensive.
That’s the brief answer, but there’s more to understand, so let’s head into more details.
Both Keytruda and Opdivo are cancer medications that are used for the treatment of different types of cancers. They fall into the category of PD-1 inhibitors. PD-1 inhibitors are a group of checkpoint inhibitor anticancer medications.
They both work by blocking the activity of PD-1 receptors.
However, the range of cancer types these medications are prescribed for varies from one another.
This medication can be used as a first-line treatment or as a combination medication, depending on your condition and what your doctor recommends.
Keytruda is used for the treatment of the following types of cancer:
Opdivo is often used as a first-line treatment for adults. However, in some situations, it can be used as a combination medication.
Below are the types of cancers Opdivo is prescribed for:
So, as you can see, although there are potentially some crossover points, each is an effective treatment for different variations of the same ailment.
Let’s take a look at how each of these treatments work, starting with Keytruda.
Keytruda is considered an immunotherapy treatment. This means that it works alongside your body’s immune system to fight cancer. It works by blocking the PD-1 receptors, which prevents cancer cells from hiding.
This cancer therapy is given to cancer types where the antigens and relative antibodies are identified already.
This will then, in turn, activate the T-cell mediated immune responses against tumor cells. Meaning, this will help the immune system to activate effectively in detecting and fighting cancer cells.
Opdivo, on the other hand, is also a highly selective human monoclonal antibody and is targeted cancer therapy, just like Keytruda.
This also means that Opdivo works similarly to Keytruda. Opdivo, just like Keytruda, blocks the PD-1 receptors.
This will block the receptors’ ability to interact with PD-L1 and PD-L2. This allows the T-cells to detect and destroy cancer cells.
Keytruda is given as an injection directly into the vein. The injection is given every 3 weeks for over 30 minutes. Depending on your body type, you may receive some medications prior to the injection in order to reduce any possible allergic reactions.
Opdivo is also given just like Keytruda, as an injection through the vein (intravenously). The injection is given every 2 weeks for over 60 minutes.
While that deals with administering the medication, the dosage of both these meds depends on several factors such as the following:
Your doctor will administer your dose since both Keytruda and Opdivo are given through an IV. Talk to your doctor about getting on a schedule so that your treatment is most effective.
Both Keytruda and Opdivo interact with similar medications. Below are some common medications that Keytruda and Opdivo interact with:
Apart from these, be sure to inform your doctor of any other supplements or vitamins you’re taking, so they can assess if Keytruda or Opdivo will interact with anything you’re taking.
The consumer cost of Keytruda on average for a quantity of 4 ml (which gives a dosage of 25 mg/ml) is around $5,160.
The average cost of Opdivo for a quantity of 4ml (which gives a dose of 10mg/ml) is around $1,1540.
Comparatively, Keytruda has a higher price than Opdivo, which mainly comes from the brand reputation Keytruda has over Opdivo.
However, these prices are for cash paying customers only and may vary depending on your insurance programs/plans.
There are still options even when your insurance doesn’t cover your medications.
To dramatically reduce the cost of these and other medications, you can take advantage of the patient assistance programs via us here at Prescription Hope.
This can potentially reduce your meds to just $50 per month per medication. It’s simple and quick to enroll too!
Side effects common for both Keytruda and Opdivo include:
Common Keytruda side effects may include:
Common Opdivo side effects may include:
Both Keytruda and Opdivo are approved to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and melanoma by the FDA because both these medications exhibit similar properties and functioning mechanisms.
Based on the information we’ve covered, these medications seem to be very similar.
Accordingly, a study conducted to compare the efficacies of these two medications concluded that both Keytruda and Opdivo showed similar survival benefits in patients with recurrent or advanced NSCLC.
The conclusion of the study thereby agreed with the current clinical procedures, where either of these medications is used based on the patient’s condition, and other clinician preferences.
We hope this has provided a good overview of the comparisons between Keytruda and Opdivo. Be sure to consult your doctor before changing or starting any medications and any concerns you have about the dosage.
If you’re having trouble affording any of your medications, then Prescription Hope may be able to help. Enroll with us and see if you qualify to pay only $50 a month for each of your medications.
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